1. ivy vs maven
Ivy is dedicated as a repository for dependency hosting/management. Ivy is normally working with ant.
Maven is more than dependency management, however, has become one of the most popular dependency repository.
2. make vs ant vs maven vs gradle
make is the dinosaur age build tool, was since 1960s.
ant is also dedicated build tool, which create “target” to run using the ant libraries (java).
maven has another hat of being a build tool. it starts with settings.xml(the repository locations) and pom.xml (the individual configuration for project).
one advantages maven over ant is, maven has defined a lot conventions (which become kind of standard and provides a lot convenience, similar to spring’s being “opinionated”.) so instead of telling ant, where is the class & resources to compile from and into, maven comes with default compile command which works unless you have different than convention folder structure, (which then can be simply configured in pom.xml to tell maven).
+---src | +---main | | +---java | | | \---com | | | \---best2lwjj | | | \---services | | | Super.java | | | | | \---resources | \---test | +---java | \---resources
gradle a new challenger, which features groovy scripts instead of xml. (build.gradle & settings.gradle) which provides “unlimited” functionality conveniently. (instead of build a library or maven plugin, build.gradle can be written using a full functioning groovy language.)
3. CD & CI: jenkins vs hudson
both actually come from same origin. Hudson is first started by SUN (before being acquired by Oracle many years back). It was open source before.
After oracle bought over, the open source community since has moved to create Jenkins from the same original source code. (Jenkins become way more popular now.)
both and same as other CI & CD tools basically polling the source code repo (being svn, cvs or git); then take corresponding actions (configurable), such as ant compile/maven build/gradle integration testing etc….
4. CI & CD with gitlab
git become more and more popular. （git being another project from the Linus Torvalds, has borrowed a lot, like file system from Linux.)
one difference from other CI tools, gitlab enables customized gitlab runner, which is a dedicated server/servers to run certain tasks (configurable through tags). this creates a lot possibilities.
for example, one thing i have done in goldman was, to create a new pipeline, which was able to pick up code changes from feature branch, compile, test, integration test, build, package, put onto cloud/repository, deploy it and restart the server. all in one go, without single manual intervention.
This become possible with the gitlab tags and runners.
normally master/ rc-xx / release-xx are feature branches, which are protected and monitored for automations/CI/CDs.
6. common issue with maven dependencies